An estimated 9.9% of residents in the Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford metro area live below the poverty line, a smaller share than the national poverty rate of 14.7% and roughly similar to the state’s poverty rate of 10.5%. Hartford has the second lowest poverty rate of any Connecticut metro area.
A high school education can mean the difference between living above or below the poverty line. Nationwide, the 87.1% of Americans who have at least graduated high school are 1.9 times less likely to be in poverty than those who did not complete high school. In Hartford, adults who graduated from high school are 2.5 times less likely to be in poverty. An estimated 90.4% of adults in Hartford have at least a high school diploma, the third lowest high school attainment rate in the state.
The share of metro area residents living in poverty may depend on the health of the local job market. As the national unemployment rate fell from 8.9% in 2011 to 5.3% in 2015, the number of U.S. jobs increased by 9.9 million. In Hartford, however, the 5.4% unemployment rate is higher than the jobless rate nationwide, despite the low poverty rate.
Low poverty often creates the conditions for a low violent crime rate. There were 253 violent crimes per 100,000 Hartford residents in 2015, lower than the national crime rate of 373 incidents per 100,000 Americans.
Living in poverty can have adverse effects on physical and mental health. With lower wages, those living in poverty are less likely to have access to healthy food, opportunities for physical activity, and quality medical care. In Hartford, there are 273 premature deaths per 100,000 residents annually, less than the national premature death rate of 474 per 100,000 Americans.
While poverty tends to be concentrated in certain neighborhoods and districts within a city, a metropolitan area with a low poverty rate tends to have wealthier residents overall. The typical household in the Hartford metro area earns $72,275 annually, roughly similar to the median household income for Connecticut of $71,346, and higher than the median income for all U.S. households of $55,775 nationwide. Hartford has the third lowest median household income of any Connecticut metro area.
|10||Pine Bluff, AR||25.7%|
|5||Athens-Clarke County, GA||27.1%|
|5||Las Cruces, NM||27.1%|