In America today, 62.8% of the population is white, and 12.2% is African American. Dense, urban cities tend to be more racially diverse than the country as a whole. In the Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford metro area, 70.1% of residents are white and 10.1% are African American.
Wealth is often divided along racial lines. Nationwide, the typical white household earns $61,394 a year. Meanwhile, the typical African American household earns just 59.5% of the median income for white households, or $36,544 a year. In Hartford, the typical African American household earns 55.7% of that of the typical white household, a greater income disparity than the nation as a whole and the third largest racial income gap of any city in Connecticut.
Similarly, while 5.3% of white residents in Hartford live below the poverty line, an estimated 15.4% of African American metro area residents do. Of all white households in the area, 11.1% earn $200,000 or more annually, compared to just 2.2% of African American households.
One reason for the racial income disparity in Hartford and across the country may be the divergence of education levels across racial groups. Nationwide, 34.2% of white Americans have at least a bachelor’s degree, while 20.2% of African Americans have similar educational attainment. In Hartford, the college attainment rate among white adults is 42.4%, while it is only 21.7% among African American adults.